They found that ridicule is an important aspect of sarcasm, but not of verbal irony in general. The first condition is also the best known. The initial or surface meaning is the meaning of the words themselves; there is no ambiguity or mystery here.
I therefore examine irony and paradox as verbal figures, noting their characteristic features and criteria, and, in particular, how they differ from one another for instance, a paradox means exactly what it says whereas an irony does not.
Both euphemism and bombast may have unstated meanings for at least some people, but their intention is really to minimise and eventually to abolish any unstated meanings.
I am not old enough. Brooks was not, of course, the first to say this kind of thing, nor was the New Criticism the first to draw attention to irony and paradox as sources of literary value.
Stable and Unstable Irony When someone says "My, what lovely weather we're having" on an awful, rainy day, her actual meaning is clear: In the case of paradox the stated meaning is all that there is. In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Experience and wisdom tell us that if the appearance is wrong to start with, it is usually the case that everything else is wrong as well.
Ironies generated in this manner are "ironies of scale", and in the language of traditional rhetoric they are, respectively, hyperbole and meiosis.
I'm thinking of going into politics. Romantic Drama traces creative innovations that deeply altered the understanding of genre at large, fed popular imagination through vehicles like the opera, and laid the foundations for a modernist theater of the absurd.
However, what the words state conflicts with the conventional view that shallow people judge by appearances and wise people look beneath the appearance to the reality beneath.
Not only the influential pioneer German, British, and French varieties, but also manifestations in northern, eastern, and southern parts of Europe as well as in North America, are considered. He seemed to think of irony as a principle of order and unity: This contrast between "what seems to be" and "what is" is the root of all the different kinds of irony.
Yet that is how irony works, as we well know. Pennsylvania State University Press,pp.
We could ask the same about our existence on this planet, in this universe. From simple semantic analysis, Person 2 appears to believe Person 1. Similarly, among other literary critics, writer David Foster Wallace viewed the pervasiveness of ironic and other postmodern tropes as the cause of "great despair and stasis in U.A World of Possibilities Romantic Irony in Victorian Literature Clyde de L.
Ryals. Romantic irony has been associated with certain English literary works of both the Romantic period and the twentieth century, but in A World of Possibilities, Clyde de L.
Ryals demonstrates that it also informs the literature of the Victorian period. Ryals’s ground-breaking study. There are three central types of irony: verbal, situational, and dramatic irony.
Each category applies to either reality or literature, which would depend on the context of the given statement.
1. Byron's narrative poem Don Juan (–24) is a sustained exercise in romantic irony, as is Laurence Sterne's novel Tristram Shandy (–67), but the effect may also be found in Chaucer and many other authors of different periods.
Poet's Page Poems Comments Stats Arthur Nortje: Letter from Pretoria Central Prison The bell wakes me at 6 in the pale spring dawn with the familiar rumble of the guts negotiating.
ABSTRACT: In contemporary literary culture there is a widespread belief that ironies and paradoxes are closely akin. This is due to the importance that is given to the use of language in contemporary estimations of literature. This is the first collaborative international reading of irony as a major phenomenon in Romantic art and thought.
The volume identifies key predecessor moments that excited Romantic authors and the emergence of a distinctly Romantic theory and practice of irony spreading to all literary genres.Download