Thus, phenomenology leads from conscious experience into conditions that help to give experience its intentionality. On one account, phenomenology explicates the intentional or semantic force of ideal meanings, and propositional meanings are central to logical theory.
Then in Ideas I he focused squarely on phenomenology itself. Social theory, however, has been closer to phenomenology as such. This experiential or first-person feature—that of being experienced—is an essential part of the nature or structure of conscious experience: Phenomenology might play a role in ethics by offering analyses of the structure of will, valuing, happiness, and care for others in empathy and sympathy.
A somewhat different model comes arguably closer to the form of self-consciousness sought by Brentano, Husserl, and Sartre. Interpretation of historical texts by Husserl et al.
In physics and philosophy of science, the term is used in the second sense, albeit only occasionally. Historically it may be arguedSocrates and Plato put ethics first, then Aristotle put metaphysics or ontology first, then Descartes put epistemology first, then Russell put logic first, and then Husserl in his later transcendental phase put phenomenology first.
We reflect on various types of experiences just as we experience them. Even Heidegger, while de-emphasizing consciousness the Cartesian sin! Two importantly different lines of theory came together in that monumental work: Studies of historical figures on philosophy of mathematics, including Kant, Frege, Brentano, and Husserl.
Our understanding of beings and their being comes ultimately through phenomenology. In a strict empiricist vein, what appears before the mind are sensory data or qualia: In these four thinkers we find different conceptions of phenomenology, different methods, and different results.
Historically, though, ethics has been on the horizon of phenomenology.
A restrictive view holds that only sensory experience has a proper phenomenal character, a what-it-is-like. We thereby turn our attention, in reflection, to the structure of our own conscious experience.Phenomenology is the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view.
The central structure of an experience is its intentionality, its being directed toward something, as it is an experience of or about some object. Phenomenology is the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view.
The central structure of an experience is its intentionality, its being directed toward something, as it is an experience of or about some object.Download