An overview of the key terms and events of world war ii

Some historians see Britain's alignment as principally a reaction to an assertive German foreign policy and the buildup of its navy from that led to the Anglo-German naval arms race. Battle continued to rage in the Atlantic, and one four-day period in March saw 27 merchant vessels sunk by German U-boats.

In MarchGermany invaded the remainder of Czechoslovakia and subsequently split it into the German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and a pro-German client statethe Slovak Republic. On the contrary, Sazonov had aligned himself with the irredentism, and expected the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian empire.

First, Britain and France launched a failed attack on the Dardanelles. Aircraft during World War I continued to be used primarily for reconnaissance, including photo-reconnaissance missions. Immediately after that, Hitler ordered the attack to proceed on 26 August, but upon hearing that the United Kingdom had concluded a formal mutual assistance pact with Poland, and that Italy would maintain neutrality, he decided to delay it.

For this to be successful, however, he needed air superiority, and he charged the Luftwaffe with destroying British air power and coastal defences.

In the event, the Yamato was hit repeatedly by bombs and torpedoes and was sunk on April 7. Then, in November, the Bolshevik Revolution prompted Russia to pull out of the war.

Austria feared that if she displayed weakness, their neighbours to the South and East would be emboldened, whereas war with Serbia would put to an end the problems the dual monarchy had experienced with Serbia.

The Armistice A series of peace treaties were signed between the combatant nations, but the most significant was the Treaty of Versailles, signed on July 28,five years after Austria-Hungary had declared war on Serbia. Equally, the French insisted to the Russians that they should not use the alliance to provoke Austria-Hungary or Germany in the Balkans, and that France did not recognise in the Balkans a vital strategic interest for France or for Russia.

For example, Russia warned France that the alliance would not operate if the French provoked the Germans in North Africa. On 6 June - as Operation Overlord got underway - some 6, vessels landed overAllied forces on five Normandy beaches: The cabinet was not informed of this agreement until August Serbia and Greece allied against Bulgaria, which responded with a preemptive strike against their forces, beginning the Second Balkan War.

Britain's reasons for declaring war were complex. No country could withstand such attacks, and the Japanese surrendered on 14 August. Taking the island had cost the Americans 12, dead and 36, wounded, with 34 ships sunk and damaged, and the Japanese losses exceededdead.

Though Bosnia and Herzegovina were still nominally under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary had administered the provinces since the Congress of Berlin inwhen the great powers of Europe awarded it the right to occupy the two provinces, with the legal title to remain with Turkey.

The Russians won, reaching the capital on 21 April. Resistance was generally slight; but Montgomery would not sanction a further advance until his bridgeheads were consolidated into a salient 20 miles deep.

Both Germany and the Soviet Union used this proxy war as an opportunity to test in combat their most advanced weapons and tactics.

World War II

The collapse of the empire amid war and defeat in impressed itself upon the retrospective view of the Habsburg lands, overshadowing the scene with auguries of imminent and ineluctable decline.

So there is no need to consider what the people require for continued existence. Germany After the War Many historians, in hindsight, believe that the Allies were excessive in their punishment of Germany and that the harsh Treaty of Versailles actually planted the seeds of World War II, rather than foster peace.

Mussolini was audaciously rescued by a German task force, led by Otto Skorzeny, and established a fascist republic in the north.

The Germans provided their unconditional support for war with Serbia, the so-called "Blank Cheque. Most importantly of all, these measures drastically raised the pressure on Germany, which had so far abstained from military preparations and was still counting on the localisation of the Austro-Serbian conflict.

Baka was a rocket-powered glider crammed with explosives which was towed into range by a bomber and was then released to be guided by its solitary pilot into the chosen target for their mutual destruction.

Some 12, aircraft ensured air superiority for the Allies - bombing German defences, and providing cover. Germany enters a period preparatory to war.

He tries to secure Britain's neutrality in such an action. Austro-Hungarian mobilisation against Serbia begins. When the new government failed to bring about a rapid peace, it was overthrown in November by a socialist revolution led by Lenin, following which Russia signed a peace agreement with Germany.

Early war planes were very light and used small engines with top speeds of less than mph. Then, on April 16, Zhukov resumed the offensive in conjunction with Konev, who forced the crossings of the Neisse; this time the Soviets burst out of their bridgeheads, and within a week they were driving into the suburbs of Berlin.

It came at the moment when the German government had not yet even declared the State of Impending War" [71] Why did Russia do this? British and Indian forces fight Japanese in Burma.

World War Two: Summary Outline of Key Events

In addition, German diplomacy before, during, and after the Second Balkan War was pro-Greek and pro-Romanian and in opposition to Austria-Hungary's increasingly pro-Bulgarian views. Montenegro was not as compliant and on May 2, the Austrian council of ministers met and decided to give Montenegro a last chance to comply and, if it would not, then to resort to military action.

Austria-Hungary, having failed to accept Serbia's response of the 25th, declares war on Serbia. The fronts in the east also gradually locked into place.

After the German Imperial War Council of 8 Decemberit was clear that Germany was not ready to support Austria-Hungary in a war against Serbia and her likely allies.The causes of World War I remain War I began in the Balkans in late July and ended in Novemberleaving 17 million dead and 20 million wounded.

Scholars looking at the long-term seek to explain why two rival sets of powers – Germany and Austria-Hungary on the one hand, and Russia, France, and Great Britain on the other – had come into conflict by A short summary of History SparkNotes's World War II (–).

This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of World War II (–). Brief Overview The Start of the War. World War I began on July 28,when Austria-Hungary declared war on seemingly small conflict between two countries spread rapidly: soon, Germany, Russia, Great Britain, and France were all drawn into the war, largely because they were involved in treaties that obligated them to defend certain other nations.

Mar 30,  · World War Two: Summary Outline of Key Events. By Bruce Robinson Last updated World War Two Worksheets Causes of World War Two Assessment An assessment to test pupils' knowledge and understanding of the causes of World War Two.

Causes of World War Two Assess A crossword with clues related to the main events of World War Two. World War Two Wordsearch A wordsearch of key words related to World War Two. The most transformative conflict in history, World War II impacted the entire globe and set the stage for the Cold War.

Causes of World War I

As the war raged, the leaders of the Allies met several times to direct the course of the fighting and to begin planning for the postwar world.

An overview of the key terms and events of world war ii
Rated 5/5 based on 66 review