A history of economic and politics in the american progressive era

This country belongs to the people who inhabit it. These laws achieved the intended purpose of creating a trade surplus for Britain. This affected both the government and the public reformers. LaFollette of Wisconsin championed these reforms, and their implementation in his state became the model for the rest of the country the Wisconsin Idea.

At the state and national levels new food and drug laws strengthened urban efforts to guarantee the safety of the food system. Karl Marx applied to his writings the Hegelian conception of linear-progressive history, the modernization of the economy through industrialization and criticisms of the social class structure of industrial capitalist societies.

We favor Governmental action to encourage the distribution of immigrants away from the congested cities, to rigidly supervise all private agencies dealing with them and to promote their assimilation, education and advancement.

Many of its accomplishments were based on efforts of earlier reform movements. In every way possible our Federal Government should co-operate in this important matter. The extent of federal power was much debated, with Alexander Hamilton taking a very broad view as the first Secretary of the Treasury during the presidential administration of George Washington.

Infographic: Reform Movements of the Progressive Era

Even as the United States surged toward a new century of industrial strength and dynamism, it seemed that the nation faced a grave danger of coming apart at the seams. HEALTH We favor the union of all the existing agencies of the Federal Government dealing with the public health into a single national health service without discrimination against or for any one set of therapeutic methods, school of medicine, or school of healing with such additional powers as may be necessary to enable it to perform efficiently such duties in the protection of the public from preventable diseases as may be properly undertaken by the Federal authorities, including the executing of existing laws regarding pure food, quarantine and cognate subjects, the promotion of vital statistics and the extension of the registration area of such statistics, and co-operation with the health activities of the various States and cities of the Nation.

Progressives advocated for censorship of motion pictures as it was believed that patrons especially children viewing movies in dark, unclean, potentially unsafe theaters, might be negatively influenced in witnessing actors portraying crimes, violence, and sexually suggestive situations.

Instead of instruments to promote the general welfare, they have become the tools of corrupt interests which use them impartially to serve their selfish purposes.

A report to Secretary of War Taft provided a summary of what the American civil administration had achieved. Urbanization and immigration increased at rapid rates and were accompanied by a shift from local small-scale manufacturing and commerce to large-scale factory production and colossal national corporations.

Muckrakers were journalists who encouraged readers to demand more regulation of business. Most important, the traditionalists did not want to become modern, and did not want their children inculcated with alien modern values through comprehensive schools that were remote from local control.

Progressive Era

After population growth was very rapid due to high birth rates 8 children per family versus 4 in Europe and lower death rates than in Europe, and immigration. An early tax was the Molasses Act of Eventually he located Oziel Wilkinson and his son David to produce iron castings and forgings for the machinery.

A considerable percentage of the non-farm population was engaged in handling goods for export. With the coming of the automobile afterurgent efforts were made to upgrade and modernize dirt roads designed for horse-drawn wagon traffic.

The country was an exporter of agricultural products. Farmers complained at the expense, and also at the loss of control over local affairs, but in state after state the consolidation process went forward.

Alternatively called home arts, or home economics, the major curriculum reform in women's education was influenced by the publication of Treatise on Domestic Economy, written by Catherine Beecher in By the law was clearly a failure. But many Americans fell behind as the nation raced toward the future.

It established national standards for law schools, which led to the replacement of the old system of young men studying law privately with established lawyers by the new system of accredited law schools associated with universities. It included, in addition to the rapid building of a public school system based on English teaching, and boasted about such modernizing achievements as: Slater found no mechanics in the U.

Furthermore, they sponsored a consumer taste for English amenities, developed a distinctly American educational system, and began systems for care of people meeting welfare. Progressive reformers differed dramatically over how the balance should be struck between those three somewhat competing objectives as well as how the new national state they advocated should address the domestic and international challenges of the new industrial order.

The Panic of was followed by a small decline in real wages and increased unemployment, with both trends continuing until World War I.

Political and Social Reforms

The traditionalists said many of their reforms were unnecessary and not worth the trouble of implementing. This rapid shift of industrialization caused drastic changes in the economy.

We also favor the extension of the rural free delivery service. It was designed by Alexander Hamilton and faced strenuous opposition from agrarians led by Thomas Jefferson, who deeply distrusted banks and urban institutions.

Wilson proved especially effective in mobilizing public opinion behind tariff changes by denouncing corporate lobbyists, addressing Congress in person in highly dramatic fashion, and staging an elaborate ceremony when he signed the bill into law.


The era was notable for a dramatic expansion in the number of schools and students attending them, especially in the fast-growing metropolitan cities.

The colonies depended on Britain for many finished goods, partly because laws prohibited making many types of finished goods in the colonies. We believe that this commission should have plenary power to elicit information, and for this purpose to prescribe a uniform system of accounting for the great protected industries.Dr.

Edward T. O'Donnell is Associate Professor of History at College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, MA. He earned his Ph.D. in American History from Columbia University.

In the United States, progressivism began as a social movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and grew into a political movement in what was known as the Progressive Era. The energy of the new progressive politics was most intense at the state and local levels where civic reform associations of all sorts sprang up to thrust the new economic and social issues into politics.

_The Triumph of Conservativism: A Reinterpretation of American History, - _, subtitled "A radically new interpretation of the Progressive Era which argues that business leaders, and not the reformers, inspired the era's legislation regulating business", published in by the Free Press, by economic historian Gabriel Kolko, is a radical new interpretation of the reforms of the.

Thomas Leonard's excellent book about American economics during the Progressive Era shows how progressives' efforts to champion reform drew on a vision of scientific development that would institutionalize the eugenic creed and, in the process, do great violence to the liberal project that had been at the heart of the American system/5(44).

a loosely defined political movement of individuals and groups who hoped to bring about social and political change in American life. Progressive-era writers and photographers seeking to expose the underside of urban-industrial society were known as.

A history of economic and politics in the american progressive era
Rated 0/5 based on 51 review